An anal fissure is a small cut or tears in the lining of the anus. The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements.
At times, the fissure can be deep enough to expose the muscle tissue underneath. An anal fissure usually isn't a serious condition. It can affect people of all ages, and it's often seen in infants and young children since constipation is a common problem in these age groups.
In most cases, the tear heals on its own within four to six weeks. In cases where the fissure persists beyond eight weeks, it's considered chronic. Certain treatments can promote healing and help relieve discomfort, including stool softeners and topical pain relievers.
If an anal fissure doesn't improve with these treatments, you may need surgery or a doctor may need to look for other underlying disorders that can cause anal fissures.
An anal fissure may cause one or more of the following symptoms:
a) A visible tear in the skin around your anus
b) A skin tag, or small lump of skin, next to the tear
c) Sharp pain in the anal area during bowel movements
d) Streaks of blood on stools or toilet paper after wiping
e) Burning or itching in the anal area
An anal fissure most often occurs when passing large or hard stools. Chronic constipation or frequent diarrhea can also tear the skin around your anus. Other common causes include:
a) Straining during childbirth or bowel movements
b) Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease
c) Decreased blood flow to the anorectal area
d) Overly tight or spastic anal sphincter muscles
a) Anal cancer
Anal fissures are common during infancy. Older adults are also prone to anal fissures due to decreased blood flow in the anorectal area. During and after childbirth, women are at risk for anal fissures due to straining during delivery.
People who frequently experience constipation are at an increased risk for anal fissures as well. Straining and passing large, hard stools are the most common causes of anal fissures.
Most anal fissures don't require extensive treatment. However, you can treat an anal fissure at home by:
a) Using over-the-counter stool softeners
b) Drinking more fluids
c) Taking fibre supplements and eating more fibrous foods, such as raw fruits and vegetables
d) Taking a sitz bath to relax the anal muscles, relieve irritation, and increase blood flow to the anorectal area
applying topical pain relievers, such as lidocaine, to the anus to ease discomfort
If your symptoms aren't relieved within two weeks of treatment, see your doctor for further evaluation. Your doctor can make sure you have the correct diagnosis and can recommend other treatments.
A calcium channel blocker ointment can relax the sphincter muscles and allow the anal fissure to heal.
Not all anal fissures are a sign of low-fibre diets and constipation. Poorly healing fissures or those located in a position other than the posterior and midline portion of your anus may indicate an underlying condition.
If you have any concerns about a fissure that's not healing despite trying at-home remedies, contact your doctor to see if you need any additional tests.
Though anal fissure can't always be prevented, one can reduce the risk of getting one by taking the following preventive measures:
a) Keeping the anal area dry
b) Cleansing the anal area gently with mild soap and warm water
c) Drinking plenty of fluids, eating fibrous foods and exercising regularly to avoid constipation
d) Treating diarrhoea immediately
e) Changing infants' diapers frequently
Presently, the advancement in the field will provide you with a benefit to avoid anal fissures before it begins to disturb you and cause pain. VGM Hospitals is the best gastro centre uses laser technology to offer less invasive treatments.
Our specialists will clearly explain your condition and help you take the right treatment. The surgery is minimally invasive, permanent and painless, it removes your fissure with no trace left. If you are seeking an expert to treat your anal fissure in and around the region of Coimbatore.
Visit VGM gastro centre the best hospital for anal fissure treatment in Coimbatore.