Diagnosis for Peptic Ulcers
Two types of tests are available to diagnose a peptic ulcer. They are called upper endoscopy and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series.
In this procedure, your doctor inserts a long tube with a camera down your throat and into your stomach and small intestine to examine the area for ulcers. This
instrument also allows your doctor to remove tissue samples for examination.
Not all cases require an upper endoscopy. However, this procedure is recommended for people with a higher risk of stomach cancer.
This includes people over the age of 45, as well as those who experience:
1) Anemia (a low number of red blood cells)
3) Gastrointestinal bleeding
4) Difficulty swallowing
Upper Gastrointestinal (GI)
If you don’t have difficulty swallowing and have a low risk of stomach cancer, your doctor may recommend an upper GI test instead.
For this procedure, you’ll drink a thick liquid called barium, and then a technician will take an X-ray of your stomach, esophagus, and small intestine. The liquid will make it possible for your doctor to view and treat the ulcer.
Because H. pylori is a cause of peptic ulcers, your doctor will also run a test to check for this infection in your stomach.